volcanic eruption definition

All in the same fraction of an instant, earthquake, tidal wave, "I have it!" Volcano definition is - a vent in the crust of the earth or another planet or a moon from which usually molten or hot rock and steam issue; also : a hill or mountain composed wholly or in part of the ejected material. Pelean eruptions are named for the destructive eruption of Mount … If magma is thin and runny, gases can escape easily from it. Several types of volcanic eruptions—during which lava, tephra (ash, lapilli, volcanic bombs and volcanic blocks), and assorted gases are expelled from a volcanic vent or fissure—have been distinguished by volcanologists. This viscous and molten rock gets collected into large chambers within the Earth’s crust. discharge - the sudden giving off of energy. Usage Examples. The lava travels far and generates broad shield volcanoes when it flows easily. A smaller eruption cloud (bottom photograph, lower right) was blown northward by lower-level winds. Plinian eruption - a volcanic eruption in which a stream of gas and ash is violently ejected to a height of several miles. At the top lies the lithosphere, being the outermost layer that consists of the upper crust and mantle. The eruption also created a large caldera nearly 3 miles (4.5 km) across and a half-mile (nearly 1 km) deep at the mountain's summit. eruption in the Definitions.net dictionary. a bursting forth or out, as of lava from a volcano 2. a throwing forth of lava, water, steam, etc. The video below will help you clearly understand the process of the volcanic eruption. Some volcanic eruptions are explosive and others are not. The definitions of volcanic action and volcanic eruption are comparable to the terms as used in standard ISO property policies. In this piece of article, we will be discussing how and why volcanoes erupt. Definition of volcanic. Volcanoes, earthquakes: Is the 'Ring of Fire' alight? Volcanic eruptions often cause temporary food shortages and volcanic ash landslides called Lahar. The conditions change dramatically from the crust in the mantle location. said Good; "the road no doubt ran right over the range and across the desert on the other side, but the sand there has covered it up, and above us it has been obliterated by some, He, along with Carnegie's Lei Duan (a former student from Zhejiang University), Long Cao of Zhejiang University, and Govindasamy Bala of the Indian Institute of Science, set out to compare the effects on the climate of a, The Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) confirmed on Thursday that it has tracked the Filipino national living near the, Summary: Guatemala City [Guatemala], June 4 (ANI): The death toll in Guatemala's Fuego, When Hawaii's Kilauea volcano began actively spewing lava and poisonous gases in early May, it was only the latest episode in a, A single volcano can change the world's atmosphere, even permanently, depending on the intensity of the, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Volcano eruption in Japan causes flow of ashes, extremely hot gases, Filipino living near Indonesia volcano eruption site safe - DFA, Death toll rises to 25 in Guatemala's volcanic eruption, A single volcano can change world's atmosphere-expert. Some volcanoes explode. These include upper mantle, that ranges between 8 – 35 km to 410 km; transition zone ranges from 400 to 660 km; lower mantle lies between 660 – 2891 km. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. the sudden giving off of energy. Eventually, some magma pushes through fissures and vents in the earth’s surface. A good example is the eruptions at Hawaii’s volcanoes. The components within the Earth such as hot lava, rocks, dust when coming out of a volcano in the form of explosion, is known as a volcanic eruption. Learn more. Meaning of volcanic. Since it is lighter than the solid rock around it, the magma rises and gets collected in magma chambers. Volcano Eruption Volcanoes are ruptures in the crust of our planet Earth that allow hot gases, molten lava and some rock fragments to erupt by opening and exposing the magma inside. Volcanoes are ruptures in the crust of our planet Earth that allow hot gases, molten lava and some rock fragments to erupt by opening and exposing the magma inside. It may be dangerous if vast amounts of rock and volcanic ash start to erupt. If the lava is extremely thick, it is capable of building up in the volcano and explode, known as lava domes. eruption definition: 1. an occasion when a volcano explodes, and flames and rocks come out of it; (of a volcano) the act…. Some volcanoes may exhibit only one characteristic type of eruption during a period of activity, while others may display an entire sequence of types all in one eruptive series. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Stay tuned to BYJU’S to know more about types of volcanoes, igneous rocks and much more. Others are slow-flowing fountains of lava, which is hot fluid rock. Type of: discharge. A Pelean eruption is associated with explosive outbursts that generate pyroclastic flows, dense mixtures of hot volcanic fragments and gas described in the section Lava, gas, and other hazards. These are often named after famous volcanoes where that type of behavior has been observed. Volcanoes are described as active (in eruption), dormant (not erupting at the present time), or extinct (having ceased eruption; no longer active). The volcanic ash and gas injected into the atmosphere obscured the sun and increased the reflectivity of Earth, cooling its surface and causing what's known as the year without a summer. How to use volcano in a sentence. The Earth’s mantle within the crust is classified into different sections depending on individual seismology. An opening or rupture in the earth’s surface through which lava, hot gases, and fragments of rock erupt. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Geology. Volcanic eruption -cyclicity is the whole of erupted materials, inside volcanic structures, which are generated during one volcanic activity period, and is generally formed through the erupted volcanic rocks overlaid from several edifices and sedimentary rocks between different volcanic edifices. The thickness of the crust ranges from 10km to 100km in mountainous locations and mainly consists of silicate rock. Definition: A volcanic eruption occurs when magma is released from a volcano. Vulcanian Eruption. Volcano, vent in the crust of Earth or another planet or satellite, from which issue eruptions of molten rock, hot rock fragments, and hot gases. What does volcanic. Definition and characteristics Volcanic eruptions happen when lava and gas are discharged from a volcanic vent. Your email address will not be published. eruption mean? When this type of magma erupts, it flows out of the volcano. the ejection of molten rock, steam, etc., as from a volcano or geyser. In fact, most of the time you'll find the word you are looking for after typing only one or two letters. When a volcano erupts, it throws out a lot of hot, melted rock called lava, as well as ash and steam. eruption. The eruption of the Eldgjá in the tenth century is known as a lava flood: a rare type of prolonged volcanic eruption in which huge flows of lava engulf the landscape, accompanied by a haze of sulphurous gases. These are often named after famous volcanoes where … An explosion can occur from the side branches or the upper part of the volcano. Health concerns after a volcanic eruption include infectious disease, respiratory illness, burns, injuries from falls, and vehicle accidents related to the slippery, hazy conditions caused by ash. Your email address will not be published. volcanic - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Effusive eruptions produce lava flows, while explosive eruptions produce ash and pyroclastic density currents. 1. volcanic eruption - the sudden occurrence of a violent discharge of steam and volcanic material. eruption meaning: 1. an occasion when a volcano explodes, and flames and rocks come out of it; (of a volcano) the act…. Noun. When it is too thick, it makes a familiar cone volcano shape. volcanic eruption volcanic eruptions. Required fields are marked *. Rocks, lava and ash are built across the volcanic vent with every eruption. Adjective a man with a volcanic temper that could go off at any moment Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective Then there were the volcanic eruption weeks, one of which came in Week 13 against the AFC … eruption in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The eruption column rose to at least 18 km above sea level where the volcanic ash and gas were blown west to form a fan-shaped eruption cloud. We don't care how many ads you see or how many pages you view. Word Family. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/volcanic+eruption, She gathered up her baby once more; but when her eye fell upon its miserably short little gray tow-linen shirt and noted the contrast between its pauper shabbiness and her own, The unusual spectacle of her busy mother rocking comfortably and reading early in the morning made Jo feel as if some unnatural phenomenon had occurred, for an eclipse, an earthquake, or a. eruption. Volcanic Ash Forecast Transport And Dispersion, Volcanic Legacy Scenic Byway - California. A volcanic eruption occurs when molten rock, ash and steam pour through a vent in the earth's crust. The pressures rise drastically and temperatures rise up to 1000 oC. Volcanic eruptions can result in additional threats to health, such as floods, mudslides, power outages, drinking water contamination, and wildfires. something that is erupted or ejected, as molten rock, volcanic ash, or steam. It finally explodes from the peak point of a volcano after reaching the surface. Learn more. Princeton's WordNet (3.50 / 2 votes)Rate this definition: volcanic eruption, eruption (noun) the sudden occurrence of a violent discharge of steam and volcanic material. Volcanic eruption means eruption, explosion, or effusion of a volcano.All volcanic eruptions that occur within a 168-hour period shall be considered a single loss. ‘Others, called volcanic earthquakes, are usually shallower and can be precursors to volcanic eruptions and intrusions of magma.’ ‘Lava flows and smaller eruptions continued for decades.’ ‘The June 1991 Mount Pinatubo eruption produced voluminous pyroclastic flows and a major Plinian umbrella cloud during its paroxysmal phase.’ When it is under the surface, the melted rock is known as magma and erupts as ash when it comes up. Definition of volcanic adjective in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. a volcanic eruption in which a stream of gas and ash is violently ejected to a height of several miles. Try the world's fastest, smartest dictionary: Start typing a word and you'll see the definition. We need to understand the Earth’s structure to know how volcanoes erupt. The explosivity of an eruption depends on the composition of the magma. Since magma is lighter than surrounding rock, it floats up towards the surface and seeks out cracks and weakness in the mantle. 3. The nature of the eruption mainly depends on the viscosity of the magma. Also known as the Baitoushan Volcano, the eruption spewed volcanic material as far away as northern Japan, a distance of approximately 750 miles (1,200 kilometers). Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Volcanic eruptions can be quite calm and effusive, or they can be explosive. The effect of volcanic eruptions on humans is both direct—lava flow, tidal waves, mud slides—and indirect—releasing ash that affects the lungs or weather A volcanic eruption is an awesome display of Earth’s power. A Vulcanian eruption is a short, violent, relatively small explosion of viscous magma (usually andesite, dacite, or rhyolite).This type of eruption results from the fragmentation and explosion of a plug of lava in a volcanic conduit, or from the rupture of … Unlike most online dictionaries, we want you to find your word's meaning quickly. In this piece of article, we will be discussing how and why volcanoes erupt. 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