hms exeter battle honours

Ayre, Thomas W. Steward. [6], In 1932 Exeter had her side plating extended to enclose her open main deck as far back as the fore funnel. The turbines developed a total of 80,000 shaft horsepower (60,000 kW) and gave a maximum speed of 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph). HMS Exeter was one of three Allied warships that sank the powerful German battleship Graf Spee at the Battle of the River Plate, off the Atlantic … When World War II began in September 1939, the cruiser was assigned to patrol South American waters against German commerce raiders. While passing through the strait, the Dutch destroyer Van Ghent struck a rock in poor visibility and another Dutch destroyer was tasked to take off her crew. The Corps of Drums HMS Nelson Volunteer Band. "A" and "B" were superfiring forward of the superstructure and "Y" was aft of it. HMS Cumberland was a County-class heavy cruiser of the Royal Navy that saw action during the Second World War. Guildhall Luncheon For River Plate Heroes. They departed on the evening of 28 February, but they were intercepted by the Japanese heavy cruisers Nachi, Haguro, Myōkō, and Ashigara, and by the destroyers Akebono, Inazuma, Yamakaze, and Kawakaze on the morning of 1 March. Our crew have joined up to have a Standard made with all of the Battle honours of both HMS Exeter’s. Roll of Honour . Exeter then stayed on escort duty in the Indian Ocean (primarily off the coast of Africa)[29] and the northern Arabian Sea (where she visited Bombay, India) until 13 October. 5) HMS Exeter, 6th Battle Honour, Sunda Strait 1942 1 Arising from correspondence with the Chairman of the River Plate Veterans during 1980/81, the Admiralty Board has awarded the Battle Honour 'Sunda Strait 1942' to HMS Exeter commemorating her final action during the morning of1 March 1942. Exeter henceforth became attached to the East Indies Squadron[28] (later redesignated as the Far East Fleet). She was ordered in 1956, but cancelled in 1957. Exeter was generally assigned to escorting convoys to and from Singapore during the Malayan Campaign, and she continued on those duties in early February 1942 as the Japanese prepared to invade the Dutch East Indies. For some reason, two Japanese destroyers continued to close before firing their torpedoes at 6,500 yards (5,900 m) and Encounter and Electra pulled out of line to counter-attack. (Note 2) Battle Honours: River Plate 1939, Guadalcanal 1942-1943, Okinawa, 1945. His ship was hit twice more shortly afterwards, but her powerplant was not damaged and she remained seaworthy, although her aircraft had to be jettisoned. Escorted by six American and three Dutch destroyers, the force departed that afternoon. Upon returning to the fleet, Exeter primarily spent time on ‘working up' exercises,[24] however she also conducted several patrols in northern waters, one on which she stopped in Iceland to refuel. In return, allied anti-aircraft fire was moderately effective with most of the attacking bombers damaged by shrapnel. Exeter was one of three British cruisers that fought the German pocket battleship, the Admiral Graf Spee, later that year in the Battle of the River Plate. Aside from a temporary deployment with the Mediterranean Fleet during the Abyssinia Crisis of 1935–36, she spent the bulk of the 1930s assigned to the Atlantic Fleet or the North America and West Indies Station. Casualties from the sinking during the Battle off Bawean Island. [16], Captain Hans Langsdorff decided to engage the British and closed at full speed. As the eight-inch (203 mm) gun turrets had proved not strong enough to accommodate the aircraft catapult originally intended, Exeter was given a pair of fixed catapults angled out from amidships in a "V" shape, with the associated crane placed to starboard. Button. The top of the magazines were protected by 5.5 inches (140 mm) of armour and their ends were 4.375 inches (111 mm) thick. The light cruisers and destroyers closed to ranges between 13,000 and 15,000 yards (12,000 and 14,000 m) and began firing Type 93 "Long Lance" torpedoes beginning at 16:03. Banthorp, Gordon J. [65] Sensing a kill the Japanese destroyers closed in and fired torpedoes, two of which (out of a total of 18 fired by Japanese combatants) from the destroyer Inazuma,[66] hit the ship – starboard amidships, and starboard just forward of A Turret – (as confirmed when the wreck was first discovered in 2007)[67] As a result Exeter rapidly righted herself,[65] paused briefly, and then capsized to starboard. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------->. They knocked out 'A' turret, started a fire amidships that damaged the ship's fire-control and navigation circuits, and caused a seven-degree list with flooding. Harwood ordered Bell to head to the Falklands for repair. They were followed shortly afterwards by a group of 23 Mitsubishi G3M "Nell" bombers from the Genzan Air Group that inflicted no damage as they dropped their bombs from high altitude. In the Falklands conflict, under the command of Captain Hugh Balfour, she served with distinction, being involved in air defence of the Task Force and gaining battle honours. The blast from a near miss badly damaged her Walrus, but the ship was only damaged by shrapnel. Exeter was crippled early in the battle, and she did not play much of a role as she withdrew. [12], Exeter, the fourth ship of her name to serve in the Royal Navy,[13] was laid down on 1 August 1928, launched on 18 July 1929 and completed on 27 July 1931. [14], At the outbreak of the Second World War, she formed part of the South American Division with the heavy cruiser Cumberland, under Commodore Henry Harwood. . Thus HMS EXETER, with her battle honours of River Plate 1939, Malaya 1942 and Sunda Strait 1942, is now only a memory with no final resting place. Reported as missing. [70][71] Her wreck, a British war grave, had been destroyed by illegal salvagers when an expedition surveyed the site in 2016. ABERCROMBIE, monitor, Dardanelles 1915/16. It will be the end of us but it will sink him too". In return, the cruiser had hit Admiral Graf Spee three times; one shell penetrated her main armour belt and narrowly missed detonating in one of her engine rooms, but the most important of these disabled her oil-purification equipment. [17] After "Y" turret had temporarily been disabled, Bell said, "I'm going to ram the --------. [43], On 25 February, Helfrich ordered all available warships to join Doorman's Eastern Striking Force at Surabaya. REPORTED WOUNDED ON H.M.S. The pole masts were replaced by stronger tripod masts because the Type 279 early-warning radar had separate transmitting and receiving aerials, one at each masthead. Her beam was increased by one foot (30 cm) to compensate for increases in topweight, and her boiler uptakes were trunked backwards from the boiler rooms, allowing for straight funnels further removed from the bridge rather than the raked funnels on York to ensure adequate dispersal of the flue gases. His replacement was Captain Oliver Gordon. The fifth HMS Exeter was a Type 42 Destroyer. [68] Of these men, 152 died in Japanese captivity. HMS Exeter . [6], The main armament of the York-class ships consisted of six BL eight in (203 mm) Mk VIII guns in three twin-gun turrets, designated "A", "B", and "Y" from fore to aft. [72][73], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}5°00′S 111°00′E / 5.000°S 111.000°E / -5.000; 111.000, ADM 53/114251, ADM 53/114251 + ADM 199/655, ADM 53/114252 and, ADM 199/396, ADM 53/114252, ADM 53/114253 and, Middlebrook & Mahoney, p. 268 (paperback version) in Battleship The Loss of the Prince of Wales and the Repulse, American-British-Dutch-Australian Command, "WW2 People's War – HMS Exeter- a Royal Marine's Story", "Walter Napier Thomason Beckett – The Dreadnought Project", Rear Admiral Rodney Sturdee: Flag Officer Gibraltar 1969 72, https://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/1186.html, https://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/1186.htm, "HMS Exeter (68) of the Royal Navy - British Heavy cruiser of the York class - Allied Warships of WWII - uboat.net", https://www.naval-history.net/xGM-Chrono-06CA-Exeter.htm, https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryofBritain/The-Fall-of-Singapore/, https://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/world-war-two/the-pacific-war-1941-to-1945/the-fall-of-singapore/, https://www.pacificwrecks.com/ships/hms/exeter/research/action-report-captain-gordon.pdf, https://www.pacificwrecks.com/ships/hms/exeter/crew/george-cooper.html, "IJN Inazuma: Tabular Record of Movement", https://www.pacificwrecks.com/ships/hms/exeter.html, "Wartime Naval Legend HMS Exeter Found Off Java", "British Second World War Ships in Java Sea Destroyed by Illegal Scavenging", "Java Sea Shipwrecks of World War 2: One of the men who found them reflects on their loss – All About History", Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in March 1942, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Exeter_(68)&oldid=993054927, World War II cruisers of the United Kingdom, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 15:37. 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