proxy war theory

The recourse to proxy war has been particularly prevalent since 1945 as the shadow of nuclear war ensured more acute selectivity in conflict engagement, While conflicts in Ukraine and Afghanistan appear stuck, for the moment, in a precarious status quo, Syria, Iraq, Libya, and Yemen stand out as ground zero in multi-sided proxy wars that are testing international norms. The goal of the United States was to stop the spread of communism while the Soviet Union wanted to spread communism in order to increase their own sphere of influence. DOI:10.11126/stanford/9781503608184.003.0004, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 2 Sharpening the Definitions of Indirect Intervention and Proxy War, Chapter 3 The Evolution of Proxy War Since 1945, Chapter 6 South Africa’s Proxy War in Angola, Chapter 7 India’s Proxy War in Sri Lanka. aforementioned analysis, to set the foundation for a general theory of proxy warfare. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. contact us Particularly during the Cold War, the US and USSR engaged in proxy wars by providing material and other forms of aid to competing sides of conflicts, such as in the Cold War-era Arab-Israeli wars (Bar-Siman-Tov 1984, 263). Define proxy war. Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.   An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 19 December 2020. On one hand are the Syrian government loyalists (both the regular Syrian armed forces and allied militias), which are supported by Hezbollah, Iran, and Russia. In: Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy. Therefore, efficacy represents the long-term perspective. October 11, 2020. Asymmetric warfare (or asymmetric engagement) is war between belligerents whose relative military power differs significantly, or whose strategy or tactics differ significantly. Andrew Mumford defines proxy war as “indirect engagement in a conflict by third parties wishing to influence its strategic outcome.” 4 It is the indirect nature of the benefactor’s involvement that distinguishes a proxy relationship from other supportive relationships, such as, for example, an alliance. By 2018 at least 10,000 people had been killed in clashes between Ukrainian armed forces and Russian-backed paramilitary units in the Donets Basin. The picture these theories paint of proxies are built upon principal-agent relationships and metered by strategic risk. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. In the 1970s and 1980s, a number of guerrilla conflicts in Latin America became de facto conflicts between the Soviet Union and the United States. Greek Civil War The Greek Civil War was fought from 1946 to 1949 between the democrats with Greece, backed by the United Kingdom and United States. The aforementioned relationship usually takes the form of funding, military training, arms, or other forms of material assistance which assist a belligerent party in sustaining its war effort. The main international players in the proxy war are Saudi Arabia, who is supporting the Sunni rebels, and Russia and Iran, who are allying with the Assad regime. Regardless of how well the proxy appears to fit the need, the reliance on another to pursue interests and objectives means that the intervening state must prepare for the additional costs and challenges associated with working through a third party. Most fighters (ISIS excluded) are driven by parochial—even personal—issues. In order for a conflict to be considered a proxy war, there must be a direct, long-term relationship between external actors and the belligerents involved. During the Cold War, analysis of proxy war was heavily state-centric and was viewed through the binary lens of U.S.-Soviet competition for influence.19 Post-Cold War analysis of proxy warfare has given greater attention to the way that states might use rebel or insurgent groups or other non-state actors as surrogates or proxies to exert influence in another state.20 However, the difficulty … A proxy war is defined to be "a war fought between groups of smaller countries that each represent the interests of other larger powers, and may have help and support from these". , and if you can't find the answer there, please Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov. The theory articulates two models of proxy warfare, a In order for a conflict to be considered a proxy war, there must be a direct, long-term relationship between external actors and the belligerents involved. This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. The models evolve from social interactions, most notably through principal-agent interactions (power relationships) coupled with the oppressive character of time. Efficacy describes the proxy’s ability to enable the intervening state to accomplish its desired objectives. FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please This chapter presents a theory of how to conduct proxy war in a way that maximizes such a policy’s utility and efficacy. A Deeper Examination of the Problems with the By, With, and Through Approach . October 11, 2020. Proxy War A war that results when opposing powers use third parties as substitutes for fighting each other directly. 17. Since proxy warsarewars, moral analysis should start with the traditional Just War Theory provisions ofjus ad bellumthat include just cause, proportionality, right intention, right authority, last resort, and reasonable chance of success. Proxy wars were first defined by the way they manifested during the era of the Cold War: indirect confrontation between superpowers via substitute actors. Thus, these wars were fought to great effect during the Cold War and had long lasting consequences for either side. efficacy, utility, policy, coherence, control. Ultimately, all this will likely produce a fragmentation of the country and a proxy war between Saudi-supported Sunni and Iranian-supported Shia, with the Kurds eventually going their own way. However, this pre-Cold War scholarship on proxy wars focused predominantly on the use of proxies by superpowers to avoid conflict escalation and nuclear confrontation. 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